XLIIId Regiment of Foot
In the center of each colour is to be painted, or embroidered, in gold
Roman characters, the number of the rank of the regiment, within the
wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk. The second colour of
those regiments which are faced with red or white, is to be the red cross
of St. George in a white field, and the Union in the upper canton.
The 43rd was first raised in 1741 under Thomas Fowke and was
known as Fowke's Regiment of Foot. The regiment was
designated the 43rd Regiment of Foot in 1751.
The 43rd Foot arrived in North America in June of 1757.
During the fighting on the Plains of Abraham, above the city of
Quebec on September 13, 1759, the 43rd helped form the center of
General Wolfe's line.The 43rd fought during the defense of Quebec,
and were present for the French surrender of Montreal in 1760.
After Montreal, the 43rd was sent to the West Indies, taking part
in the capture of Martinique, Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, and the
Spanish citadel of Havana. The regiment returned to England in 1764.
The 43rd Regiment of Foot arrived in Boston in July of 1774, being one
of the first regiments sent from England to put down colonial insurrection.
The regiment saw action at Concord on April 19, 1775 and participated in the
Battle of Bunker Hill despite heavy casualties. In 1776, during the battles for
New York, the regiment saw action at the Battles of Long Island, Kip's Bay and
White Plains, and the capture Fort Washington. In August of 1778, the 43rd
arrived in Rhode Island, where it remained in 'occupation' until October
of 1779. The regiment was part of the British Surrender at Yorktown
in October of 1781, leaving America in November of 1783.
The 43rd Regiment of Foot was granted the county title
of the Monmouthshire Regiment in 1782.
The front [of the drums] to be painted with the colour of the facing
of the regiment, with the King's cypher and crown, and the
number of the regiment under it.
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