XLVIth Regiment of Foot
In the center of each colour is to be painted, or embroidered, in gold
Roman characters, the number of the rank of the regiment, within the
wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk. The second Colour to be
the colour of the facing of the regiment, with the Union in the upper
canton; except those regiments which are faced with red, white, or black.
The 46th was first raised in 1741, under John Price, and was
known as Price's Regiment of Foot. The regiment first saw action
at the Battle of Prestonpans during The Jacobite Rebellion of 1745.
Price's Regiment was ranked as the 57th Foot in 1747, finally
becoming the 46th Regiment of Foot in July of 1751.
The 46th Foot arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1757, where it
remained until ordered to join the body of troops under Major-General
James Abercromby, selected to attack the fort of Ticonderoga in 1758.
The regiment took part in the expedition against Fort Niagara in
1759, and the expedition against Montreal in 1760.
After Montreal, the 46th was sent to the West Indies,
taking part in the capture of Martinique in 1761
and the Spanish citadel of Havana in 1762.
The 46th Foot arrived in America in April of 1776 as part
of the 'first' expedition against Charleston, South Carolina.
The expedition possessed insufficient strength for the capture
of the city, so the troops proceeded to Staten Island, New York.
During the battles for New York, the 46th took part in the fighting
at Long Island, White Plains, and the capture of Fort Washington.
During General Howe's expedition against Philadelphia in 1777,
the regiment participated in the battles of Paoli and Brandywine,
and saw action again the following year at Monmouth Court House.
The 46th left America, sailing for Barbados, in November of 1778.
The 46th Regiment of Foot was granted the county title
of the South Devonshire Regiment in 1782.
The front [of the drums] to be painted with the colour of the facing
of the regiment, with the King's cypher and crown, and the
number of the regiment under it.
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