XLVth Regiment of Foot
In the center of each colour is to be painted, or embroidered, in gold
Roman characters, the number of the rank of the regiment, within the
wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk. The second Colour to be
the colour of the facing of the regiment, with the Union in the upper
canton; except those regiments which are faced with red, white, or black.
The 45th was first raised in 1741 under Daniel Houghton and was
known as Houghton's Regiment of Foot. The regiment was
designated the 45th Regiment of Foot in 1751.
The 45th Foot arrived in America in 1746, to help the New England
colonists seize control of the French settlement of Cape Breton.
In 1758, the 45th participated in the siege and capture of Louisburg,
where it received its first battle honour. Following the capture of
Louisburg, the regiment returned to Nova Scotia. The grenadiers of the
45th, along with the grenadier companies of certain other regiments, formed
a battalion entitled the "Grenadiers of Louisburg," and fought on the
Plains of Abraham, above the city of Quebec, on September 13, 1759.
The 45th Foot left North America for Ireland in 1766.
Returning to America, the 45th Foot arrived in Boston in July of 1775.
In 1776, during the battles for New York, the regiment saw action at Long
Island. Detachments of the 45th took part in the expedition to Philadelphia
in 1777, seeing action at the Battles of Brandywine and Germantown.
In November of 1778, the officers of the 45th returned to England
while the soldiers were drafted into other regiments.
The 45th Regiment of Foot was granted the county title
of the Nottinghamshire Regiment in 1782.
The front [of the drums] to be painted with the colour of the facing
of the regiment, with the King's cypher and crown, and the
number of the regiment under it.
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