XLth Regiment of Foot
In the center of each colour is to be painted, or embroidered, in gold
Roman characters, the number of the rank of the regiment, within the
wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk. The second Colour to be
the colour of the facing of the regiment, with the Union in the upper
canton; except those regiments which are faced with red, white, or black.
The 40th was first raised in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland in 1717 under
Richard Philipps, and was known as Philipps' Regiment of Foot.
The regiment spent its early history defending British concerns
from Indians attacks in and around Nova Scotia, being
designated the 40th Regiment of Foot in 1751.
In 1758, the 40th Foot participated in the siege and capture of Louisburg.
The grenadiers of the 40th, along with the grenadier companies of certain
other regiments, formed a battalion entitled the 'Grenadiers of Louisburg,' fighting
on the Plains of Abraham, above the city of Quebec, on September 13, 1759.
The regiment was present for the French surrender of Montreal in 1760.
After Montreal, the 40th was sent to the West Indies taking part in the capture of
Martinique, Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, and the Spanish citadel of Havana.
Following the war, the regiment returned to Nova Scotia, and in
1764 left North America for Great Britain.
The 40th Regiment of Foot arrived in Boston in 1775, and saw action
during the Battle of Brooklyn the following year. In 1777, the regiment saw action
at the battles of Princeton and Brandywine Creek, the Attack at Paoli, Pennsylvania, and
the Battle of Germantown. The 40th participated in the fighting at Monmouth, New Jersey,
before being sent to the West Indies in November of 1778. In 1781 the regiment returned
to New York City, where they remained garrisoned until leaving America in 1783.
The 40th Regiment of Foot was granted the county title of
the 2nd Somersetshire Regiment in 1782.
The front [of the drums] to be painted with the colour of the facing
of the regiment, with the King's cypher and crown, and the
number of the regiment under it.
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