The Ist, or ROYAL REGIMENT had;
In the center of their colours, the King's cypher within the circle of
St. Andrew, and crown over it. In the three corners of the second colour, the
thistle and crown. The distinction of the colours of the second battalion,
is a flaming ray of gold descending from the upper corner
of each colour towards the center.
The 1st Regiment of Foot is not only the oldest Scottish
regiment; but, the oldest regiment in the British Army.
The regiment was first raised in 1633 under Sir John Hepburn to
fight for the French in the Thirty Years' War. Hepburn reformed
what remained of Scottish companies, such as the Scottish Guard
and the Scottish Men-at-Arms, which had been fighting for the French
since 1590. In March of 1633, King Charles I granted a warrant authorizing
the raising of a regiment in Scotland, marking the regiment's beginning as a
British regiment. Hepburn's claim of precedence for the regiment over all
others in the French service caused one of the senior French regiments
to nickname the regiment, "Pontius Pilate's Bodyguard." In 1684, the
regiment received the title of "The Royal Regiment of Foot."
The 1st Foot gained its first battle honour in 1680 at Tangier.
The regiment saw action at the battles of Steenkirk, Neerwinden and
the siege of Namur, during King William's War of 1689-1697. From 1701
to 1713, under Marlborough, it took part in the War of the Spanish Succession,
and was the first line of attack at Fontenoy in 1745. The regiment was designated
the 1st Regiment of Foot in 1751. In 1757 the 2nd Battalion of the 1st Foot sailed
for America where, during the French and Indian War, it saw action during
the capture of Louisburg in 1758 and the French surrender of Montreal in 1760.
After Montreal, the 2nd Battalion 1st Foot was sent to the West Indies,
seeing action in Dominica in 1761 and taking part in the capture of
Martinique and the Spanish citadel of Havana in 1762.
The drums, and bells of arms, to have the same device painted on them,
with the number or rank of the regiment under it.
Evidence suggests that the drum would also have had depictions of the
thistle and crown to the upper right, lower right, and lower left of the King's cypher
within the circle of St. Andrew, and "I Regt" in gold leaf to the upper left.
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